Manas. Studies into Asia and Africa.

Electronic Journal of the Centre for Eastern Languages and Cultures
Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”

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Manas 2 (2015), 2.

Published on 12.12.2015

ISSN: 2367-6256

Klassanova, Lyudmila. Senses and Offerings of Sense Objects in Tibetan Buddhism. – In: Manas: Senses and Sensitivity, Vol. 2, 2, 2015.

2015 / Volume 2 / Issue number 2 : Senses and Sensitivity

Senses and Offerings of Sense Objects in Tibetan Buddhism

Lyudmila Klassanova


In Tibetan Buddhist tradition senses are considered in relation to their cognitive faculties. They are associated with a certain kind of consciousness, because through them we get information about the surrounding world. Consciousness is considered as one of the five agregats that form the human personality. Senses, agregats and elements (earth, water, fire, air and space) represent psycho-physical components of samsara. They have to be purified and transformed, which is the aim of Buddhist tantric practice. For this purpose particular objects that stimulate the senses are used like the five sense objects, called in Tibetan Buddhist tradition the “five objects that please the senses”. In Vajrayana Buddhism they are worshiped as offering goddesses, which have the status of female Bodhisattvas. The sixteen offering goddesses are described in the prayer “The Lute of the Gandharvas: The Garland of Offerings of the Sixteen Vajra Goddesses”, whose translated from Tibetan to Bulgarian language is attached to the main text.

The main text of the article is in Bulgarian