Manas 3 (2017), 1.
Published on 01.11.2017 http://manas.bg/en/issue_5/ikalachakrai-znachenie-i-osnovni-koncepcii
Koutsarova, Marga. Kālacakra – Significance and Main Concepts. – In: Manas: East–West: Languages, Cultures, Societies, Vol. 3, 1, 2017.
The paper is devoted to the Buddhist system Kālacakra – the last annutara-yoga-tantra system in Indian Vajrayana Buddhism which appeared in India at the end of 10th аnd the beginning of 11th century. When it comes to the issue of science in the context of Indian Buddhist thought, Kālacakra is regarded by modern scholars as the most advanced and comprehensive matrices of scientific theory and practice. Since its appearance Kālacakra has always had enormous influence on the development of Tibetan Buddhism. After Islamic invasions of India and the destruction of leading Indian Buddhist monastic universities in 13th century, it was Tibet that preserved the knowledge of this Buddhist tantric system and has developed it. The paper touches on some of the most important concepts of Kālacakra, such as Ādibuddha, the understanding of matter and its relation to mind and consciousness.
Keywords: Kālacakra, Kālacakratantra, Buddhism, Vajrayana, India, Tibet, Ādibuddha, Buddha Kālacakra, identity of macrocosm and microcosm, matter and consciousness in Buddhism