Manas. Studies into Asia and Africa.

Electronic Journal of the Centre for Eastern Languages and Cultures
Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”

Manas logo

Manas 3 (2017), 2.

Published on 03.11.2017 http://manas.bg/en/issue_4/formation-classical-schools-law-sunni-islam

ISSN: 2367-6256

Pavlovich, Pavel. Formation Of The Classical Schools Of Law In Sunnī Islam. – In: Manas: The Arab World and Islam in Cultural-Historical Perspective, Vol. 3, 2, 2017.

2017 / Volume 3 / Issue number 2 : The Arab World and Islam in Cultural-Historical Perspective

Formation Of The Classical Schools Of Law In Sunnī Islam

Pavel Pavlovich

Summary

This essay is devoted to the early development (ca. 150/767–ca. 250/864) of the Ḥanafī, Mālikī, Shāfiʿī, and Ḥanbalī legal schools (madhāhib, sg. madhhab) in Sunnī Islam. Along with the legal views of these schools’ eponymous founders, I treat aspects of their theological conceptions, such as the createdness of Allah’s speech, the status of the grave sinner, and the freedom of human will. The essay includes an exposition on the legal hermeneutics of Muḥammad b. Idrīs al-Shāfiʿī.

Keywords: Sunni Islam, Hanafis, Malikis, Shafiis, Hanbalis, legal schools, free will, predestination, createdness, attributes, divine speech, legal hermeneutics

The main text of the article is in Bulgarian